Minister blocks proposed hikes in university tuition fees

by Prince Gora – University World News

The Zimbabwean government has refused to approve proposed fee hikes by local universities and colleges, at least until the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic has receded.

Professor Amon Murwira, the minister of higher and tertiary education, innovation, science and technology development, made the announcement.

Murwira said earlier, in January, that the purpose of the country’s universities was not to generate profits, and insisted that the current fee structures must be maintained, citing affordability, reasonability and sustainability as the three factors that determine fee hikes.

“The fee structure we are maintaining at universities is even lower than those being charged by most boarding schools in the country. But, we know that parents are hard-pressed and no fee hikes will be approved until such a time when the economic conditions have relatively improved,” he said.

Students welcomed the announcement, but hoped the minister had not made an empty promise.

Speaking to University World News, the Zimbabwe National Students Union secretary-general, Tapiwanashe Chiriga, said students who were already under severe financial pressure would obviously welcome a tuition increase freeze in 2021.

“But then, an interview with the media saying fees won’t be hiked is not enough; we have seen this before. We had assurances from the minister early last year that fees were not going to be hiked but still [we] ended up having fee hikes.

“As we speak, fees for polytechnics, industrial training colleges and teachers’ colleges have already been hiked to astronomical levels,” he added.

“The ministry also needs to find ways to make education more and more accessible even during this lockdown,” said Chiriga.

On average, a Zimbabwean undergraduate university student is currently paying about ZW$20,000, equivalent to about US$200 per semester.

Fees hikes of up to ZW$80,000 (US$800), which were being proposed by universities, would have likely triggered fresh protests from students as the average civil servant in Zimbabwe earns about ZW$18,000 (US$180) a month.

The majority of the populace rely on the informal sector, which has been closed in the government’s attempts to curb the spread of the coronavirus. So far, COVID-19 has been responsible for about 32,000 infections and just over 1,000 deaths in the country.

Government invests in high-tech servers

Murwira also revealed that the government has secured five high-tech servers to improve online learning across Zimbabwe’s higher learning institutions.

“We also bought five high-tech servers last year in a bid to achieve online learning for our institutions. These will be shared and, as the year progresses, we are expecting to add five more to bring stability to our institutions,” he said.

The minister tasked all state institutions with developing their own ICT learning systems to reduce the fee burden on students who will generally have to continue with online learning.

He said: “To support the efforts of the ministry, all the universities have been directed to set aside an average budget of ZW$25 million (US$250,000) which will go towards the development and enhancement of ICT systems.

“We are going into the new reality of online learning, hence the need to move with the required speed.”

Note: The US dollar figures were calculated using an average estimated exchange rate of US$1:ZWL$100. This is not the official exchange rate, but an average of the black market rate and the interbank or official rate. The official rate may be used by the government and banks, but ordinary Zimbabweans rely on the alternative rate for currency calculations.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home

👉Even if gyms are closed due to the corona virus pandemic, you can make fitness part of your🏋️ lifestyle at home by working out with a friend, sibling or partner.

Partner workouts are generally a fun way to spend time together,👌 bond and push each other to achieve your goals.❣️

🤗Do not forget to warm up before these exercises and to do some cool down stretches🤸 straight after.

👉And remember, build up slowly, because some of these drills are tough!✊


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home
  • Begin standing side by side, one meter apart, facing opposite directions.
  • Go into a low squat at the same time.
  • From the bottom of the squat, simultaneously jump up.
  • During the jump bring your arms overhead and clap your inside hands together at the height of your jump.
  • Land into a squat again.
  • Do 12 times, then switch sides.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home

For this exercise decide who is partner A and who is partner B.

  • Partner A positions themselves in a high plank: arms straight, wrists in line with shoulders and core engaged.
  • Partner B stands at Partner A’s feet, facing the same direction.
  • Partner B safely holds then lifts Partner A’s ankles one at a time – at this point Partner A is in a “wheelbarrow” position.
  • Simultaneously: Partner A lowers into a push-up (maintaining strength and stability) and Partner B lowers into a squat (while holding Partner A’s ankles).
  • When Partner A pushes up and returns to the starting position, Partner B stands.
  • Do 12 reps (repetitions), then switch roles.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home
  • Partners stand facing each other at arm’s length with feet hip-width apart.
  • Grasp each other’s forearms and grip securely.
  • From there lower into a squat position (send the hips back, bend both knees equally and engage the core).
  • Hold the squat position for about three seconds, then return to starting position.
  • Do 12 reps.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home

For this exercise again decide who is partner A and who is partner B.

  • Begin back to back in a side plank position.
  • Partner A supports their weight on their right hand (feet stacked with right foot on the bottom) and left hand extended straight up.
  • Partner B supports their weight on their left hand (feet stacked with left foot on the bottom) and right hand extended straight up.
  • Both individuals are to engage their core and lift their hips.
  • Partners tap hands together overhead.
  • Partners bring hands down across front of body (rotating slightly) to tap hands together underneath their torsos.
  • Do 12 reps, then switch sides.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home
  • Begin facing each other in a high plank position.
  • Perform a push-up simultaneously (keep legs straight and engage the core).
  • At the top of your push-up position, lift the right hand and tap your partner’s left shoulder.
  • Do 12 reps while alternating the shoulder that you tap after each push-up.

For this exercise, the following accommodation can be made for those who struggle with high plank push-ups:  you can perform the push-up on your knees.


7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home

Again decide who is partner A and who is partner B.

  • Partner A lowers into a squat position and extends both arms straight out.
  • Partner B lifts knees high, trying to get each knee to the height of Partner A’s arms.
  • Partner B performs high knees by running in place, drawing knees up toward chest (engage the core and keep the back straight).
  • Repeat for 30 seconds, then switch roles.


fitness plank push up - 7 Workouts You Can Do With Your Partner At Home
Image: Luis Quintero/Unsplash
  • Partners begin facing each other in a high plank position (at least one meter apart).
  • Both partners simultaneously lift their right hand and reach out across to tap the other persons hand.
  • Do this for 30 seconds while alternating between opposite hands.

Zim student one of UK’s Rare Rising Stars’

A Zimbabwean student has been featured in Rare Rising Stars 2020, the UK’s Top Ten Black Students owing to her participation in different community initiatives.

Tanatsei Gambura, an Intermedia Arts student with University of Edinburgh, is an art and youth activist and was recently shortlisted for the inaugural Amsterdam Open Book Prize and has just been announced as its runner-up.

In an interview, she said:

“When I turned 14, despite the government funding, school became unaffordable and I was forced to spend a year out of education.

“This was a pivotal moment for me, as I realised that I couldn’t continue to be dependent on others for the rest of my life.

“At this time, I went into survival mode and channelled that energy into building myself a social network of like-minded people.

Tana Gambura co-hosting the Anzisha Prize Gala in 2018

“I also started looking for ways to be more active within the community and discovered the beginning of a lifelong interest in the arts.

“When I returned to school aged 15, I became heavily involved in theatre and the arts, to the extent that my work was selected by the British Council for a photography and poetry residency called These Images are Stories, which ran in London for 8 months.”

At the age of 17, she was nominated to receive a generous scholarship to study at the African Leadership Academy in Johannesburg, where she completed her two-year programme.

“If you don’t come from a background of privilege, you don’t have people to fall back or rely on as nothing has been handed to them, so they have nothing to give you,” she said.

Before moving to South Africa, Tanatsei founded the 25 May Movement, a collective of artists, community organisers, social workers and cultural producers collaborating to lead social change in Africa.

“The aim is to build a vibrant, dynamic and sustainable creative sector that contributes to development in Africa and for me this was my attempt to create an awareness and sense of responsibility for people in my community about the future of the continent.

“The 25 May Movement strategy is to integrate arts and culture into a comprehensive plan designed to shift public sentiment and forge a new collective consensus around a social challenge.

“Its programmes offer week-long workshops, celebrations and community gatherings on socio-political themes such as colourism, African masculinity, dissecting the urgency of voice and a dialogue for peacebuilding,” added Tanatsei.

Tanatsei founded the 25 May Movement, a collective of artists, community organisers, social workers and cultural producers collaborating to lead social change in Africa.

Gambura ran four such events herself in Zimbabwe last year, with over 70 people in attendance.

“In 2016, the 25 May Movement was simply a group of girls who banded together behind a camera to proclaim a pan-African stance.

“Today I have led my team in running a nationwide radio broadcasting series, facilitated conversation circles to foster dialogue, and programmed free and accessible workshops.

“With a staff of five female volunteers, my collective now has an online reach of over 60,000 people and has attracted the attention of organisations such as the Goethe Institute, the Swedish Embassy and the Impact Hub exchange programme.

“In 2018, I was invited onto the board of directors of ROOTS Africa, a non-profit organisation working towards the promotion of economic and social justice among young people in rural and mining communities, where I now serve as the youngest advisor.

“That same year, I was appointed an advisor by the Global Fund for Women to advise on key issues women and young people are facing in Zimbabwe.”

Last year, she was the recipient of the Diana Award for humanitarian work.

“In December 2018, I was selected by the United Nations Women for a Gender in a Changing Context panel where she was the youngest woman on the panel.”

“I have also been a member of the student council of the World Leading Schools Association for the past two years.

Tana Gambura is one of eight high-achieving Mastercard Foundation scholarship recipients from Zimbabwe

“I was in the process of programming a workshop for their conference this year to be held in Toronto with around 300 of their members.

“Iwas also selected as one of eight high-achieving Mastercard Foundation scholarship recipients from Zimbabwe, which enables me to read Intermedia Art at the University of Edinburgh.,” she added.

Gambura, has co-founded a project called Ourchives which is an interdisciplinary decolonial project based in Edinburgh that attempts to draw light on urgent debates on the provenance and afterlife of cultural objects from formerly colonised spaces in Scotland and beyond.


Where Ray Vines got his name

MSU computer science student & rising star comedian Ray Vines [ @ray_vines_ ] says he was nicknamed ‘Ray’ after a video game character. 🎮

“I was very good at🎮 computer gaming, thus my friend nicknamed me Ray from a video game character Ray Den 🥋(from mortal kombat)”, said Ray Vines speaking to the Southern Times newspaper.

👉Born Melusi Chiripowako about 19 years ago, Ray Vines started doing his short videos or vines🎥 in April 2018 and has so far produced more than 70 some of which have gone 🌟viral on social media.

Many across the Southern African🌍 region know him for his famous hilarious clips ‘No to xenophobia’ and ‘How to survive in South Africa’ which went viral in August and September 2019 respectively.👌

Both clips are on the satire of the ills of how some South Africans were killing and looting from fellow African brothers🎥. With over 500 000 views on digital platforms, Ray Vines became popular for his comic clips.💯

Ray Vines has also gone commercial💰 , turning his brand into a business which includes selling of 👚merchandise under the brand #mukukuzvi.

👉Mukukuzvi creative hub is an institution that promotes talent within the young people in Zimbabwe. Mukukuzvi means to gather fish with nets and is mainly used by the fishermen🎣 from the Zambezi area.

Ray Vines’s comic clips😎 have given him a platform to use his talent to advertise other companies 💰and that has given birth to the idea of intensifying his entrepreneurship ideas.🙏



by Nkocy Sithole | Nust- ZW @grujicrobinho7
Runyararo Gift Mandaza

The National University of Science and Technology (Nust), is abound with raw talent.

Runyararo Gift Mandaza, a twenty-two-year-old soccer player
is one out of the many gifted youngsters at the institution.

Because of his deft touches in the field and ability to command, the up-and-coming soccer star has been given the responsibility to captain the NUST soccer team.

His teammates appreciate the efforts that he puts in during training sessions and games.

“Exemplary, hardworking and his hard work motivates the team and carries it too,” said Keith Tendai Moyana, one of his teammates.
“He is a very good captain,” added Moyana.

Not only are his teammates impressed by his efforts but they are also in full praise for his ball retention and other central midfielder attributes.

“He has a very long accurate passing range and he retains the ball well in the midfield,” said Clyde Isaac, another teammate.

Mandaza started playing football at a young age and has only had love for one sport. He says he was lured into football at his young age by his primary friends.

“Well I started (playing) soccer at a young age in the streets. It has always been my passion since and I never tried other sports. I grew to love the sport and I hope to pursue this career as a soccer player,” said Mandaza.

“So, my friends motivated me to come and join the soccer team at Ruvheneko primary and that is what unveiled the soccer passion in me,” claimed Mandaza.

The former Ruvheneko Primary School player is a well gifted and also a hard worker player who seemingly posses both Messi and Cristiano’s attributes of talent and hardwork.

“I think I have both attributes, I am naturally talented and at the same time I do train a lot on my techniques and fitness levels,” said Mandaza.

Being a player who is naturally gifted and a hardworker, it comes as no surprise that his role models are people who also fit that billing.

“My role models are Clemence Matawu and Cristiano Ronaldo because I admire their dedication and hard work in the field. I also admire Ronaldo’s determination and the way he concentrates on what he wants to achieve as a footballer. To me this is quite appealing”, added Mandaza.

His only cup win came with Churchill High School where they won the 2012 edition of the NASH U17 soccer tournament.

In 2017, he enrolled with NUST to pursue a degree in Statistics and Operations Research.

Mandaza is a young man who has his life planned out, how he wishes and wants it to be like in future on and off the pitch.

“I do hope to be able use my degree and my talent at the same time after graduation because I have entrepreneurship in mind for the future,” maintains Mandaza.

Mandaza is very optimistic and hopeful of a brighter future for the Nust soccer team.

“It would be a great opportunity for Nust to go back to division one and maybe a promotion into the top-flight league because that will give more exposure to the great talent at Nust,” said Mandaza.

But before all this happens for Nust, Mandaza feels attitude and approach of the university to football matters has to change.

“I think with proper training and humility, NUST may be dominating university in the years to come,” the captain pointed out.

Mandaza still thinks that grassroot soccer in Zimbabwe has to be prioritised so as to be able to identify and nurture talent in the country at earlier stages.

“I think proper training facilities for grassroots would be a start with the aid of talent identification strategies would also help,” Mandaza said.

The NUST soccer captain has set the horizon as his limit for what he can do in the world of football and he is very hopeful of a success story.

“I do hope to play in the national league and also even play internationally in the coming years,” the NUST captain pointed out.


student RUGBY star receives Zimbabwe honour as Sports Personality of the Year

By Elzaan van Eeden | @GoodthingsGuy

Johannesburg, South Africa – University of Johannesburg student Stephen Bhasera has been honoured by his native country, Zimbabwe, for his hard work and dedication to rugby.

The Varsity Cup prop, who has been sadly sidelined for the season by an injury, has been nominated for the Zimbabwe Achievers Awards in the Sports Personality of the Year category for 2019.

“It is an initiative that honours Zimbabweans who reside outside of their home country and are doing commendable things in a variety of fields,” said Bhasera, who will graduate from UJ with a law degree (LLB) in April.

“It covers categories from business to community work to academia, sports, culture and media.

“The awards take place annually to honour Zimbabweans based in five different countries and I have been nominated for Sports Personality of the Year for South Africa 2019.”

The 23-year-old Bhasera said he was privileged to be considered for the award.

“It is a good feeling to receive the recognition, but also humbling to be named among people such as Kaitano Tembo (SuperSport United coach) and Tapiwa Mafura, who himself took the Varsity Cup by storm in 2018.”

With his home base being Kadoma in Zimbabwe, Bhasera lives in Atholl in Johannesburg, although he will be leaving later this year to study in the United Kingdom.

Having initially received offers to attend various top law schools around the world, Bhasera chose to pursue his career in UJ.

“I took that route because I wanted to exhaust my desire to play professional rugby and to play at the highest level,” he recalled after leaving school at Falcon College in Zimbabwe.

“Having the Lions [rugby franchise] on board in terms of a contractual commitment was the main motivation for deciding to take the SA route.”

He turned out for the Lions U19 team in 2015 and played for the province in the SuperSport Challenge and the Currie Cup premier division.

After being part of the Young Guns set-up at UJ, he graduated to the Varsity Cup squad this year before the injury ended his future in the competition.

“I played the first three games of the season and then suffered an injury in training that has put me out for the rest of the programme.

“Despite that my Varsity Cup experience has been largely positive – it’s a unique initiative that combines the benefits of top-level rugby with the perks of studying at an institution of higher education.

“I wouldn’t say I’ve found the transition into Varsity Cup difficult or the games to be more physical than what I’ve experienced before. However, it is still an extremely high level of rugby.”

For now, though, his sporting career will be on the backburner as he turns his attention to a Masters in Law degree (LLM), starting in the UK in September.


After Mugabe – ‘Not much has changed in HE’

Kudzai Mashininga
4 minute read

A year after the departure of Zimbabwe’s former president Robert Mugabe after 37 years in power, opinion is divided on how much progress the new government under Emmerson Mnangagwa has made in reforming the country’s struggling higher education sector.

Chairperson of the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Higher Education Daniel Molokele said there had been no significant changes in the sector as political interference in the running of higher education, corruption and chronic underfunding has continued under the country’s new leader.

“I would say there haven’t been any significant changes to differentiate between the previous and the present era. So we still need more time to see those promised changes, but one thing that I can clearly see is that in terms of budgeting, in terms of prioritising the higher education ministry, there is still a challenge. The ministry asked for a budget of US$900 million something in the national budget; it got a budget of US$380 million. So we are still underfunding higher education.”


After coming to power, Mnangagwa introduced the Transitional Stabilisation Programme aimed at reinvigorating higher education and ensuring the system is relevant to the labour market. In March the government held a Higher and Tertiary Education Infrastructure Investment conference at which investors committed US$1.5 billion. The government is also working on establishing university towns and has pledged to set aside 1% of the country’s gross domestic product for research.

However, Molokele, who is a former student leader at the University of Zimbabwe, argues that institutional governance systems are still a problem, with university councils filled with political appointees who do not have real influence.

Furthermore, the current situation, where the state president is also the chancellor of every state-run institution of higher learning, has been a recipe for disaster.

“Universities need less political influence and more emphasis on academic freedom,” he said.

“There is corruption in the administration of most institutions of higher learning. The vice-chancellors have a lot of power and they need to be more accountable,” he said.

Earlier this year, the vice-chancellor of the University of Zimbabwe (UZ), Professor Levi Nyagura, was suspended over the awarding of a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 2014 to the former first lady Grace Mugabe under controversial circumstances, and after lecturers from the department of sociology submitted a petition to the Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission calling for the PhD to be revoked and nullified.

“We need to see more autonomy and independence in institutions of higher learning. We know that the University of Zimbabwe Amendment Act of 1990 changed the vice-chancellor from the chief academic to a chief disciplinarian and that trend then affected all the other universities run by the state. We need to see more academic freedom in Zimbabwe,” said Molekele.

Students ‘learn in fear’

Concerns have also been raised by students. In a position paperreleased in November, the Zimbabwe National Students Union (ZINASU) said under Mnangagwa students’ rights continue to be trampled upon and universities continue to arbitrarily suspend students.

The union said students learn in fear as their freedoms of association, and right to information and assembly, are not respected due to draconian colonial legislation which has been redefined by the current regime as institutional ordinances that seek to give unprecedented power to university authorities to expel and suspend students.

“Many UZ students are still serving their suspensions after the college executed the ordinance 31 to suspend them,” the statement said.

The statement said that after the Zimbabwe Ezekiel Guti University demonstration in Bindura, 50 students were suspended without a disciplinary hearing, which the union successfully challenged. There was also the National University of Science and Technology demonstration, where seven students were detained only for questioning the administration.

Soaring cost of living

ZINASU said Mnangagwa has failed to make higher education accessible as pledged by his administration as the cost of living soars.

In recent months, there has been a jump in prices of goods and services with some service providers demanding payment in foreign currency even though the majority of citizens are paid in local Zimbabwe bond notes.

The jump in prices resulted in year-on-year inflation rising to 20.85% for the month of October from 5.39% in September.

ZINASU said the current fee structure is unmanageable for many students who come from struggling backgrounds.

“These challenges have a strong bearing on the education of our students. If the economic situation continues to deteriorate, students will be forced to discontinue their studies,” it said.

President of the College Lecturers Association of Zimbabwe David Dzatsunga confirmed that the economic situation is becoming dire, resulting in a lack of resources and equipment for use by students and lecturers.

“The economic situation is dire and generally students are struggling to purchase the required materials. Student welfare is not at its best and that creates downstream problems,” he said.

Austerity measures

Dzatsunga said the new administration announced austerity measures in the national budget in November that are being implemented without consultation, worsening the situation for lecturers.

For example, the government has said that duty on imported cars must now be paid in United States dollars even though workers are being paid in Zimbabwe bond notes.

“The austerity measures have the effect of eroding our salaries and we may end up earning the equivalent of US$110 … The conditions of service are deteriorating,” he said.

Dzatsunga said while government had introduced a new curriculum in schools, teacher training colleges had not reviewed their own curriculum.

“This means that teachers are being taught the old curriculum to go and teach the new curriculum,” he said.

‘More needs to be done’

Zimbabwean academic Dr Admire Mare, a senior lecturer at Namibia University of Science and Technology, said the new minister in the post-Mugabe era – Professor Amon Murwira – has tried his best to improve the situation. However, he said, more needs to be done.

“I think the current minister of higher and tertiary education, science and technology development is trying his best to put our universities back on the global map after years of infrastructural decay and lowering of academic standards.

“The replacement of Levi Nyagura [as University of Zimbabwe vice-chancellor] is also a step in the right direction because academics were being denied the opportunity to attend conferences and engage in forward thinking conversations with their peers,” said Mare.

He said while these are important steps, there is still a need to ensure academic standards in teaching, research and community development are strengthened.

“Academics ought to be incentivised to publish in authentic peer-reviewed journals and this can be done through a Zimbabwe national research fund or foundation which helps the ministry with disbursing research funds to active researchers. There is also a need to ensure that technological hubs become part of the academic ecosystem so that research and development are connected,” said Mare.

Originally published at

Student jailed 4 years for hit and run killing

Curator | Nust-ZW
2 minute read.

A 25-year-old Zimbabwean student at a South African university has been jailed for four years after he was convicted for killing Harare businessman and socialite Shingi Mukandi in a hit and run road accident last year.

Alfred Machipisa, a third-year student, was convicted of culpable homicide.

He was accused of failing to stop after a fatal road accident to both render assistance and report the accident to the police within the mandatory 24 hours.

Machipisa will however serve 3 years effective after Harare magistrate Edwin Marecha set aside a year of his sentence conditionally.

“The accused deserves punishment for his gross negligence.

“A fine will trivialise the offences and worsening his case is that he did not stop after the accident.

“He only pitched up at the police after three days of manhunt. Maybe if he had stopped to check on the victim, if he was still alive or needed help, it would have been different,” said the magistrate.

Court ruled Machipisa was negligent by travelling at an excessive speed while failing to keep a proper look out.

The magistrate said he also acted negligently by failing to render assistance or guarding Mukandi’s lifeless body.

Prosecuting, Isheunesu Mhiti said on July 22 last year, around 9pm, Machipisa drove a white Isuzu KB300 due west along Harare Drive while trailing Mukandi’s green Kawasaki motor cycle.

Mhiti said as Machipisa passed number 201 Mt Pleasant, he negligently drove his Isuzu at an excessive speed in the circumstances and failed to keep a proper lookout for the road user ahead.

The vehicle that was involved in the accident

“Machipisa failed to keep a safe distance between his car and Mukandi’s motorcycle that was ahead of him and as a result, hit him from behind,” Mhiti said.

Due to the impact, Mhiti said Mukandi flew off the motorcycle and landed approximately 70 meters away from the left side of the tarmac.

His bike was picked some 100 meters away from the point of impact.

Court heard that Mukandi’s body and the damaged motorcycle were discovered by a passer-by who called for an ambulance.

The ambulance crew declared Mukandi dead at the scene. An autopsy was carried out on Mukandi’s body at Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals and concluded that he died due to injuries sustained in the accident.

At that time, Machipisa had hidden his car at his father’s place in Harare’s Mabelreign and handed himself to the police three days later saying he was still in shock.

Born in 1984, Shingi was the Executive Director and Head of Operations for Freight World which is one of the leading shipping, forwarding and customs clearing organisations which was established in 1991.

The businessman and socialite was known for his partying ways and was a biker.

Original Article:

#HearMeToo: How Can I Deal With Sexual Harassment On Campus?

Staff Writer | Nust ZW
5 minute read

What is sexual harassment?

Sexual harassment includes any unwanted sexual behavior​—including touching or even making comments of a sexual nature. But sometimes the line can be blurred between teasing, flirting, and sexually harassing.

Do you know the difference between them? Take our  sexual harassment quiz and find out!

Sadly, sexual harassment doesn’t always stop when you graduate from school. However, if you develop the confidence and skills you need to deal with sexual harassment now, you’ll be prepared to deal with it when you enter the workforce. And you might even stop a harasser from hurting others!

What if I’m being sexually harassed?

Sexual harassment is more likely to stop if you know what it is and how to react to it! Consider three situations and how you might deal with each one.


At work, some guys who were much older than I am kept telling me that I was beautiful and that they wished they were 30 years younger. One of them even walked up behind me and sniffed my hair!”​—Tabitha, 20.

Tabitha could think: ‘If I just ignore it and tough it out, maybe he will stop.’

Why that probably won’t help: Experts say that when victims ignore sexual harassment, it often continues and even escalates.

Try this instead: Speak up and calmly but clearly tell your harasser that you won’t tolerate his speech or behavior. “If anyone touches me inappropriately,” says 22-year-old Taryn, “I turn around and tell him not to touch me ever again. That usually catches the guy off guard.” If your harasser persists, be firm and don’t give up. When it comes to maintaining high moral standards, the Bible’s advice is: “Stand firm, mature and confident.”​—Colossians 4:​12The New Testament in Contemporary Language.

What if the harasser threatens to harm you? In that case, don’t confront him. Escape the situation as quickly as possible, and seek the help of a trusted adult.


When I was in the sixth grade, two girls grabbed me in the hallway. One of them was a lesbian, and she wanted me to go out with her. Although I refused, they continued to harass me every day between classes. Once, they even pushed me up against a wall!”​—Victoria, 18.

Victoria could have thought: ‘If I tell anyone about this, I will be labeled as weak, and maybe no one will believe me.’

Why that thinking probably would not have helped: If you hold back from telling someone, the harasser may continue and even go on to harass others.​—Ecclesiastes 8:11.

Try this instead: Get help. Parents and teachers can give you the support you need to deal with your harasser. But what if the people you tell don’t take your complaint seriously? Try this: Every time you are harassed, write down the details. Include the date, time, and location of each incident, along with what the harasser said. Then give a copy of it to your parent or teacher. Many people treat a written complaint more seriously than a verbal one.


I was really afraid of this one boy who was on the rugby team. He was almost two meters (6.5 ft) tall, and he weighed about 135 kilograms (300 lb)! He got it into his head that he was going to ‘have me.’ He pestered me almost every day​—for a whole year. One day, we were the only people in the classroom, and he started closing in on me. I jumped up and ran out the door.”​—Julieta, 18.

Julieta could think: ‘That’s just the way boys are.’

Why that probably won’t help: Your harasser is unlikely to change his behavior if everyone thinks it’s acceptable.

Try this instead: Resist the temptation to laugh it off or to respond with a smile. Rather, make sure that your reaction​—including your facial expression​—makes it clear to your harasser what you will and will not tolerate.

Sexual harassment quiz

“In middle school, boys would pull on the back of my bra and make derogatory comments​—like how much better I would feel once I had sex with them.”— Coretta.

Do you think that those boys were

  1. Teasing?

  2. Flirting?

  3. Sexually harassing her?

“On the bus, a boy started saying nasty things to me and grabbing me. I smacked his hand away and told him to move. He looked at me like I was crazy.”— Candice.

What do you think that this boy was doing to Candice?

  1. Teasing?

  2. Flirting?

  3. Sexually harassing her?

“Last year, a boy kept telling me that he liked me and that he wanted to go out with me, even though I constantly told him no. Sometimes, he rubbed my arm. I told him to stop, but he wouldn’t. Then, while I was tying my shoe, he smacked my rear end.”​— Bethany.

In your opinion, was this boy:

  1. Flirting?

  2. Teasing?

  3. Sexually harassing her?

The correct answer to all three questions is C.

What makes sexual harassment different from flirting or teasing? “Sexual harassment is one-sided,” says a girl named Eve. “It continues even when you tell the person to stop.” Harassment is serious. Not only can it affect your grades and health but it can also lead to sexual violence.

Curated from JW.ORG
NEWS sex

Zimbabwe Announces Suspension Of Customs Duty & Value Added Tax on Sanitary Wear

Curator | Nust-ZW
One minute read

Finance and Economic Development Minister Professor Mthuli Ncube yesterday suspended customs duty on sanitary wear for the next one year.

Presenting the 2019 National Budget in Parliament, Prof Ncube said this was meant to cushion underprivileged women and girls in the interim, while the local supply of sanitary wear improves

I propose to suspend customs duty for sanitary wear for a period of 12 months beginning December 1, 2018. I also propose to exempt imports of sanitary wear from Value Added Tax,’ said Prof Ncube.


Parliamentarians and various organisations have been running campaigns aimed at advocating for health and wellness particularly access to sanitary wear.

The campaigns call for standardised, affordable prices for sanitary wear, pushing for a mandatory sustainable sanitary wear budget in every Government institution and public spaces, free sanitary wear in schools and also pushing organisations like the United Nations to prioritise girls and young women’s health and wellness.

These campaigns have revealed that:

…many young girls miss school during their menstrual periods, while others are subjected to sexual harassment and abuse as a result of lack of access to sanitary wear, which makes them eventually drop out of school.

Chairperson of the Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Women Affairs and Youth, Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga is on record as saying the health needs of girls should be prioritised by Government.

Parliamentarians from the opposition Movement for Democratic Change party have urged the government to invest in the industry and provide free period products as a show of respect.

“Sanitary wear should be made readily available free of charge just like condoms; government should pay for sanitary wear. Government should take the dignity of women and girls seriously,” Jessie Majome, a Zimbabwean legislator from the opposition MDC party, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation

Sources: Chronicle + Reuters